Dr. François Lechanoine was born in Normandy - France, a few steps from the beaches of the famous landing and his grandparents' farm.

Bayeux, Normandy, France.
Landing Beaches, Normandy.

It is in this region that he begins his medical studies - inspired by the experiences lived in Africa in various missions in contact with children - completing them in 2012 at the University of Caen (Université de Caen - Basse Normandie).

Caen, Normandy, France.
University Hospital (CHU), Caen.

The choice of specialization in neurosurgery is dictated by his curiosity towards the brain, its functioning and the enigmas that surround it. He graduated from the University of Tours (Université de Tours - Centre) with Profs. Stéphane Velut and Patrick François, in 2018 close to the birth of his son. His specialization thesis concerns the endoscopic treatment of intracranial arachnoid cysts in children.

Tours, Centre, France.
Bretonneau University Hospital (CHRU), Tours.

Very interested in every aspect of neurosurgery, as well as in the different operating techniques practiced in the world, he first attended the Santobono Hospital in Napoli by Professor Giuseppe Cinalli to deepen the pediatric practice and the Federico II Polyclinic of Naples by Profs. Paolo Cappabianca and Luigi Maria Cavallo to learn the endoscopic techniques of the skull base, then the Barrow Neurological Institute of Phoenix (Arizona - United States) by Profs. Robert F. Spetzler and Michael T. Lawton to increase knowledge of vascular neurosurgery.

Santobono Pediatric Hospital, Naples.
Phoenix, Arizona, United States.
Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix.

After a year of research on the microstructure of the brainstem under the supervision of Prof. Christophe Destrieux, at the iBrain Lab of INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) in Tours - in collaboration with the CEA (Comité à l'Energie Atomique) in Paris - receives 2 Awards from the Académie Nationale de Chirurgie (French National Academy of Surgery): the "Prix du Chirurgien de l'Avenir" award and the "Prix d'Innovation Pédagogique" award for the design of an 'app "Atlas of the microstructure of the brainstem".

“Chirurgien de l'Avenir” Award received by the Académie Nationale de Chirurgie, Paris, 2017.
Pedagogical Innovation Award received by the Académie Nationale de Chirurgie, Paris, 2017.

In 2018, he moved to Grenoble by Professor Emmanuel Gay to devote himself to pediatric, vascular, skull base surgery and neurotraumatology, where he remained for two years.

Grenoble, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France.
Michallon University Hospital (CHU), Grenoble.

Since 2012 he has attended numerous training courses, workshops and international congresses, obtaining various French university degrees (in microsurgery, vascular neurosurgery, spine surgery and neuroscience) and in 2019 obtaining the Diploma of the European Association of Neurosurgery Societies (EANS) and the European Diploma of Spine Surgery (Eurospine).

He has taught at the University in master's and anatomy courses, published numerous scientific articles in international medical journals, wrote the chapter of a book, held various speeches at national and international conferences and, since 2018, is a tutor and member of the Faculty at the annual workshop. of neuroendoscopy of Naples by Prof. Cinalli.

He started a surgical collaboration, mainly in the pediatric field, with Dr. Mamadou Dianka at the General Peltier Hospital in Gibuti (Africa), where he went in 2019, together with a team composed of Dr. Ahmad Ashraf, neurosurgeon, from

Dr. Gilles Francony, anesthetist-resuscitator and Dr. Farhad Aghai, maxillofacial surgeon.

Dr. Dianka and Dr. Lechanoine operate a child at the General Peltier Hospital in Djibouti.

From February 1st, 2021, he moved to Italy for family reasons, and signed a collaboration contract, as senior consultant neurosurgeon, with the Maria Cecilia Hospital in Cotignola (RA) (GVM Care & Research), Private Hospital of High Specialization and affiliated with the National Healthcare System, where he still practices the medical profession.

Before his arrival in Italy, he performed more than 2200 cranial, spinal and pediatric surgical procedures in France, at university hospitals, of which 1344 as first operator.

Dr. Lechanoine operates a brain aneurysm together with Dr. Ashraf, Grenoble, France.

The areas of particular interest of Dr. Lechanoine, both at the surgical, medical, research and university teaching level, are the brainstem, intraventricular neuroendoscopy (hydrocephalus, tumors, etc.) and transphenoidal (pituitary adenomas), vascular surgery and neurovascular conflicts, intracerebral and skull base tumors, pediatric neurosurgery and spine surgery.


Hydrocephalus and Arachnoid Cysts (2019)

Pages 971 - 1064

Francois Lechanoine, Giuseppe Cinalli

Pediatric hydrocephalus

Cinalli G., Özek M., Sainte-Rose C. (eds). Springer, Cham


Rate of Rebleed and Retreatment of Previously Treated Intracranial Aneurysms (2021)

World Neurosurgery

Thomas Metayer, Laura Terrier, Emmanuel de Schlichting, Francois Lechanoine, Nassim Bougaci, Stephane Derrey, Charlotte Barbier, Chrysanthi Papagiannaki, Ahmad Ashraf, Florence Tahon, Aurelie Leplus, Mikaël Naveau, Emmanuel Gay, Evelyne Emery, Michel Lonjon, Denis Vivien, Thomas Gaberel


Ball-Valve Mechanism of Colloid Cysts (2021)

Annals of Neurology

Francois Lechanoine, Arnaud Lazard, Julien Francisco Zaldivar-Jolissaint, Emmanuel De Schlichting


Reversible Child Cognitive Impairment and Suprasellar Arachnoid Cyst (2020)

Annals of Neurology

Francois Lechanoine, Antoine Listrat, Julien Francisco Zaldivar-Jolissaint, Emmanuel De Schlichting


Nocardial cerebral miliary due to massive inoculation (2020)


Arnaud Lazard, Francois Lechanoine, Emmanuel De Schlichting


COVID-19: Pandemic of Cognitive Biases Impacting Human Behaviors and Decision-Making of Public Health Policies (2020)

Frontiers in Public Health

Francois Lechanoine, Katlyn Gangi


Stale Air in the Trenches: War, Influenza and Global Mask Race of a Century Ago (2020)

Military Medicine

Francois Lechanoine


Endoscopic Transfontanellar Approach of a Cyst Anterior to the Brainstem Crossing the Foramen Magnum-Part I: Failure of Unique Fenestration: 2-Dimensional Operative Video (2020)

World Neurosurgery

Francois Lechanoine, Julien Francisco Zaldivar-Jolissaint, Florian LeLann, Emmanuel De Schlichting


Endoscopic Transfontanellar Approach of a Cyst Anterior to the Brainstem Crossing the Foramen Magnum-Part II: Success of Multiple Fenestrations: Two-Dimensional Operative Video (2020)

World Neurosurgery

Emmanuel De Schlichting, Julien Francisco Zaldivar-Jolissaint, Florian LeLann, Francois Lechanoine


Stereoscopic Images from Computed Tomography Angiograms (2019)

World Neurosurgery

Francois Lechanoine, Mykyta Smirnov, Giulia Armani-Franceschi, Pedro Carneiro, Philippe Cottier, Christophe Destrieux, Igor Lima Maldonado


Importance of Fenestration Size for Definitive Treatment of a Quadrigeminal Arachnoid Cyst: Endoscopic Inspection of the Cyst and Surrounding Anatomy: 2-Dimensional Operative Video (2019)

operative Neurosurgery

Francois Lechanoine, Pietro Spennato, Claudio Ruggiero, Giuseppe Cinalli


Surgical Thrombectomy Combined with Bilateral Decompressive Craniectomy in a Life-Threatening Case of Coma from Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis: Case Report and Literature Review (2018)

World Neurosurgery

Francois Lechanoine, Kévin Janot, Denis Herbreteau, Igor Lima Maldonado 3, Stéphane Velut


Bilateral ape hand deformity (2017)


Aymeric Amelot, Francois Lechanoine, Patrick François, Louis-Marie Terrier


Treating Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea without Dura Repair: A Case Report of Posterior Fossa Choroid Plexus Papilloma and Review of the Literature (2017)

World Neurosurgery

Francois Lechanoine, Ilyess Zemmoura, Stéphane Velut


Titles and diplomas

• Specialist in Neurosurgery (20 Sept. 2018)


Anatomical microstructure of the Brainstem - MRI ex vivo Study at very high-field (11,7T) and very high-resolution - 3D pedagogical App

(Anatomical Brain Stem Microstructure - High Field (11,7T) and High Resolution Ex vivo MRI Study - 3D Pedagogical App)

Paris (France)


• Doctor of Medicine (MD) (13 Sept. 2018)


Hydrocephalus and arachnoid cysts: diagnostic and therapeutic strategies - Description of endoscopic surgical techniques

(Hydrocephalus and arachnoid cysts: diagnosis and therapeutic strategy - Description of endoscopic surgical techniques)

Commission: Prof. Stéphane VELUT (President), Prof. Giuseppe CINALLI & Prof. Patrick FRANCOIS (Directors), Prof. Emmanuel GAY, Dr. Antoine LISTRAT, Dr. Nadine TRAVERS

François Rabelais University of Tours (France)



• Interuniversity Diploma (DIU) in Spine Surgery (November 2017- June 2019)

University Paris XIII, Rennes, Strasbourg, Bordeaux, Lyon, Nice, Lille - France

Proff .: Mazel, Husson, Steib, Vital, Le Huec, Barrey, Paquis, De Peretti, Assaker


• EANS Board Examination in Neurological Surgery (Part I) (2015-2018) - European Diploma of Neurosurgery (Part I)

Edinburgh, UK

European Association of Neurosurgical Societies (EANS)


• ESF EuroSpine Basic Diploma (2018) - European Diploma in Spine Surgery

Eurospine Foundation (ESF)


• Interuniversity Diploma (DIU) in Vascular Neurosurgery (November 2015 - June 2017)

University of Clermont-Ferrand, Bordeaux, Amiens, Dijon, Lille, Lyon, Nice, Rouen

Proff .: Mourier, Proust, Thines, Pelissou, Roche, Peltier, Civit, Morandi, Irthum, Lonjon, Lejeune

Dr.: Penchet, Magro


• University Diploma (DU) in Microsurgical Techniques (November 2014 - June 2015)

Fer à Moulin School of Surgery, Paris (France)

Study: Learning model of the microsurgical technique of “intra-intra” bypass of complex aneurysms of the bifurcation of the middle cerebral artery via bi-iliac aortic bypass on rats. Experience on 8 cases.

Prof. Masquelet


• Research Diploma in Surgical Sciences - Neuroscience - 2nd level Master (November 2016 - November 2017)

Paris-Créteil University, France